The female artists of the Mithila region of northern India have painted their gods and goddesses on their household walls for centuries. Since beginning to paint on paper in the 1960s, their tradition has evolved both stylistically and in content. Many painters now challenge the roles of women in this rural area, demanding equality in a number of ways and speaking against issues of burning the bride, female foeticide, seclusion of women, lack of female education, rules of dress, etc. Illustrated with numerous Mithila paintings linked to social issues, the changing life styles and goals of Indian women are highlighted.